American literature in 1945 period written by Norton Anthology | in easy language

 American literature in period of 1945 as written by the Norton Anthology

The American literature - American literature is one of the most important literature in this world so here we today covering all time period till 9 11 . 
Here let's know the American literature written by Norton anthology . 

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the United States and world power after the Allies defeated Germany and Japan in World War two the United States emerged as the only world power with a strong economy.

the nation's participation in World War two had reorganized the American economy in ways that changed the lifestyles and expectations of its citizens women and African Americans in particular broadened their expectation of economic and social opportunities after their participation in the war effort .

the United States exploded two atomic bombs in Japan in August 1945 the first and only atomic bombs that have ever been deployed the effect was so horrific and catastrophic that the United States shifted to a policy of amassing military strength for deterrents rather than combat this strategy was known as Cold War .

America's Cold War was directed at containing the political economic military and ideological influence of communism around the globe the Soviet Union and eventually China emerged as the main Cold War adversaries of the United States throughout the 1950s and early 1960s .

social critics perceived a stable conformity to American life as well as a dedication to an increasingly materialistic standard of living and abled by the strong economy and by the abundance of job opportunities .

American life became increasingly mobile as the population began a westward shift and more and more people relied of automobiles the interstate highway system was begun in 1955 conflicts within and resistance to this way of life purportedly based on stability and conformity Ammar.

first in the 1960s or the 60s as this period is known this tumultuous period of American history beginning with the assassination of President John F Kennedy in 1963 was characterized by its counter cultural revolt against the status .

the 60s assured in a combative period in civil rights climaxing with the most sustained and effective attempts to remedy the evils of racial discrimination since reconstruction women began to organize in the 60s to pursue their legal ethical and cultural interest a position .

now defined as feminism active dissension within the culture emerge in response to military involvement in Vietnam the nation was shocked in 1974 by the Watergate scandal a revelation of President Richard Nixon's abuses of governmental privileges that led to his resignation by the end of the 1970s some characteristics that has seen countercultural in the 60s had been accepted in mainstream American culture.

including in formalities of dress relaxation of social codes and an increased respect for individual rights the 1980s witnessed a call for a return to traditional values interpreted as a return not to community and self sacrifice .

but to the pursuit of wealth during Ronald Reagan's presidency income disparities grew while taxes fell and Americans began to focus on personal acquisition the economy boomed but shifted away from any fad training and into service and financial speculation.

the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 after American economic might had depleted its ability to compete the attack on New York's World Trade Center and the Pentagon by terrorists on September 11th 2001 shifted the nation's political agenda to a seemingly open-ended conflict with revolutionary Islamic forces talking point to literary developments .

the ideal of homogeneity and conformity so prominent in the 1950s and early 1960s led many writers to aspire to the creation of a single work short story novel poem or play that could represent the experiences of an entire people and that could attempt to represent a common national essence that lay beneath distinctions of gender race ethnicity religion or region novelists hoped to write the so-called Great American Novel that would characterize the larger aspects of the national experience playwrights to aspire to write plays.

that would be nationally representative embracing otherwise mundane characters as Universal types that could speak to monumental national issues in the 1950s and 60s poets acquired a new visibility in American life through writers conferences and workshops recordings and published and broadcast interviews and readings.

despite this increase in poetry's visibility its relatively marginal position in the nations culture when compared to that of prose fiction may have allowed it more diversity from the idea or ideal of homogeneity in the 1950s .

the poetic standard was a short lyric meditation on an object landscape or observed encounter that clarified or epitomized a feeling the period also supported poets who gave voice to previously marginalize social groups and poets who experimented with new rhythms .

the notion that any single piece of literature could represent an entire people or nation fell out of favor in the 60s as the nation itself fractured over such issues as the uses of industrial and military power the institutions of marriage and the family the rights of racial minorities women and homosexuals the use of drugs and alternative states of consciousness some writers felt that social reality had become too unstable to serve as a reliable anchor for their narratives.

some critics believed that fiction and particularly the novel was dead having exhausted its formal possibilities poetry was transformed by the appearance of two points in the late 1950s Allen Ginsberg's howl 1956 with this anti-establishment message open experimental form and strong aural emphasis and Robert Lowell's life studies 1959 with its directness .

autobiographical intensity technological advances such as the advent of television and air travel challenged boundaries of time and space and brought a global awareness that made the concept of all encompassing expressions of the world through literature seemed impossible confessional poetry and literature in the 1960s pieces that involved autobiographical revelations about difficult personal subject matter such as sex divorce alcoholism and insanity began focus on the distinctness of individual

experience not its representativeness deconstruction a literary theory first philosophers questions assumptions about developed by French linguist and the stability of language the ability of words to represent reality and the constructed by intellectual operations.

extent to which facts might be the idea of literature as a form of

self-expression was complicated by deconstructionist skepticism about the very idea of a coherent or essential self the political dissent of the 1960s opened up spaces for a range of voices and literature representing in the new and varied ways .

the experiences and views of African Americans southerners Jews feminists Native Americans Asian Americans latina Latino Americans and others this development produced a rich legacy in American literature the contemporary literary period values heterogeneity in its form and pluralism in its cultural influences contemporary literature is also increasingly preoccupied with questions about what constitutes artificiality and what constitutes authenticity or creative nonfiction reflects contemporary literature's.

and patience with the opposition between fact and fiction combining aspects of the essay memoir reportage criticism and autobiography creative nonfiction uses the techniques of fiction to make a claim to the real the Internet has produced a contemporary literary culture that is keenly aware that reality is hybrid with constant input from multiple sources contemporary literature reflects this insight with its proclivity for combining editing authoring and rearranging a the materials American literature since 1945.

timeline connections

timeline connections as written by the Norton Anthology 1945 the u.s. drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan surrenders ending war world war two cold war begins 1947 Jackie Robinson becomes the first black major league ballplayer 1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy begins attacks on communism 1950 to 1953 the Korean War 1953 House concurrent resolution 108 dictates government's intention to terminate its treaty relations with the Native American tribes 1954 Brown versus Board of Education declares segregated schools unconstitutional Beat Generation poets begin to gather at San Francisco's City.

Lights bookshop 1956 Martin Luther King jr. leads bus boycott and Montgomery Alabama 1959 Fidel Castro becomes communist leader of Cuba 1960 Woolworth lunch counters sit in at Greensboro North Carolina marks the beginning of civil rights movement 1962 the United States and Soviet Union close to war over Russian missiles based in Cuba.

missiles are withdrawn 1963 King delivers I have a dream speech black church and Birmingham Alabama is bombed killing 4 girls President John F Kennedy is assassinated 1965 riots break out in watts section of Los Angeles Malcolm X is assassinated the hippie culture flourishes and Franziska 1965 to 1973 the Vietnam War era 1966 National Organization for Women.

now founded Hayden and Brooks criticized at black Writers Conference Fisk University for composing academic poetry 1968 King is assassinated Senator Robert F Kennedy is also assassinated photo of Earth rise by Apollo 8 1969 US astronauts land on the moon Stonewall Riots and New York City initiate gay liberation movement.

Woodstock Festival held near Bethel New York 1970 National Guard kills for students during anti-war demonstration at Kent State University Ohio 1972 Watergate scandal military draft ends 1973 Roe vs. Wade.

legalizes abortion American Indian Movement members occupy Wounded Knee South Dakota 1974 President Richard Nixon resigns in wake of Watergate avoiding impeachment 1976 the US Bicentennial 1982 Equal Rights Amendment is defeated anti-nuclear movement protests manufacture of nuclear weapons aids officially identified in the United States .

1989 Soviet Union collapses the cold war ends oil tanker Exxon Valdez runs aground in Alaska 1990 Congress passes Native American graves protection and repatriation act 1991 the United States enters the Persian Gulf War World Wide Web is introduced 1995 Federal Building in Oklahoma City bombed in a terrorist attack 1997 Pathfinder robot explores Mars 2001 execution of Timothy McVeigh convicted of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing September 11 terrorist attacks on Pentagon and World Trade Center 2003 .

the United States and the Great Britain invade Iraq 2007 advent of worst economic resession since the Great Depression 2009 inauguration of Barack Obama as US President 2010 massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico 2011 death of terrorist leader Osama bin Laden architect of the 9-1-1 attacks.

I hole you will understand this time line of American literature.

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